External data for Belgium

Parties in Chapel Hill expert survey series

ID Name English name ParlGov parties
102 PS Parti Socialiste Socialist Party PS
103 SP; SPA Socialistische Partij;  Socialistische Partij Anders-Spirit Socialist Party; Socialist Party Different-Spirit SPSPa+Spi
104 ECOLO Ecolo Ecolo Ecolo
105 AGALEV; Groen Agalev; Groen! Agalev; Green! AGL-Gr
106 PRL; MR Parti Réformateur Libéral; Mouvement Réformateur Liberal Reformist Party; Reformist Movement MRPRL
107 VLD Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten Flemish Liberals and Democrats PVV|VLD
108 PSC; CDH Parti Social Chrétien; Centre Démocrate Humaniste Christian Social Party; Humanist Democratic Centre PSC-CDH
109 CVP; CD&V Christelijke Volkspartij; Christen-Democratisch & Vlaams Christian People’s Party; Christian Democratic & Flemish CVP|CD&V
110 VU; NVA Volksunie; Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie People’s Union; New Flemish Alliance N-VAVU
111 FDF/RW Front Démocratique des Francophones Francophone Democratic Front FDF
112 VB Vlaams Block; Vlaams Belang Flemish Bloc; Flemish Interest VB
113 MCC Mouvement des Citoyens pour le Changement Citizens’ Movement for Change MCC
114 ID21 ID21 ID21
115 FN Front National National Front FN
117 LDD Lijst DeDecker List Dedecker LD|LDD
118 SLP Sociaal-Liberale Partij Social-Liberal Party Spirit
119 PVDA Partij van de Arbeid in Belgie Workers Party of Belgium PA-PTB


Chapel Hill expert survey series (CHESS): Hooghe, Liesbet et al. 2010. “Reliability and validity of the 2002 and 2006 Chapel Hill expert surveys on party positioning.” European Journal of Political Research 49(5):687–703. Steenbergen, Marco, and Gary Marks. 2007. “Evaluating expert judgments.” European Journal of Political Research 46(3):347–366. Ryan Bakker, Catherine de Vries, Erica Edwards, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, and Milada Vachudova. 2012. "Measuring Party Positions in Europe: The Chapel Hill Expert Survey Trend File, 1999-2010.” Party Politics (forthcoming).

External data    https://www.chesdata.eu/