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Australia Australia
49 parties – 46 elections – 72 cabinets

Austria Austria
42 parties – 35 elections (7 ep) – 59 cabinets

Belgium Belgium
48 parties – 47 elections (9 ep) – 83 cabinets

Bulgaria Bulgaria
52 parties – 14 elections (5 ep) – 15 cabinets

Canada Canada
23 parties – 35 elections – 41 cabinets

Croatia Croatia
45 parties – 9 elections (3 ep) – 12 cabinets

Cyprus Cyprus
28 parties – 13 elections (4 ep) – 21 cabinets

Czech Republic Czech Republic
45 parties – 13 elections (4 ep) – 18 cabinets

Denmark Denmark
41 parties – 55 elections (9 ep) – 65 cabinets

Estonia Estonia
40 parties – 12 elections (4 ep) – 17 cabinets

Finland Finland
34 parties – 37 elections (7 ep) – 82 cabinets

France France
76 parties – 38 elections (9 ep) – 131 cabinets

Germany Germany
58 parties – 37 elections (9 ep) – 56 cabinets

Greece Greece
47 parties – 28 elections (10 ep) – 26 cabinets

Hungary Hungary
26 parties – 12 elections (4 ep) – 12 cabinets

Iceland Iceland
41 parties – 32 elections – 51 cabinets

Ireland Ireland
41 parties – 40 elections (9 ep) – 37 cabinets

Israel Israel
90 parties – 22 elections – 76 cabinets

Italy Italy
90 parties – 28 elections (9 ep) – 68 cabinets

Japan Japan
44 parties – 27 elections – 57 cabinets

Latvia Latvia
51 parties – 14 elections (4 ep) – 26 cabinets

Lithuania Lithuania
51 parties – 12 elections (4 ep) – 21 cabinets

Luxembourg Luxembourg
39 parties – 33 elections (9 ep) – 32 cabinets

Malta Malta
15 parties – 22 elections (4 ep) – 22 cabinets

Netherlands Netherlands
51 parties – 37 elections (9 ep) – 45 cabinets

New Zealand New Zealand
32 parties – 38 elections – 54 cabinets

Norway Norway
27 parties – 32 elections – 67 cabinets

Poland Poland
57 parties – 14 elections (4 ep) – 23 cabinets

Portugal Portugal
37 parties – 25 elections (9 ep) – 26 cabinets

Romania Romania
49 parties – 13 elections (5 ep) – 28 cabinets

Slovakia Slovakia
56 parties – 13 elections (4 ep) – 18 cabinets

Slovenia Slovenia
49 parties – 13 elections (4 ep) – 17 cabinets

Spain Spain
59 parties – 24 elections (9 ep) – 18 cabinets

Sweden Sweden
25 parties – 41 elections (7 ep) – 54 cabinets

Switzerland Switzerland
33 parties – 33 elections – 37 cabinets

Turkey Turkey
18 parties – 11 elections – 21 cabinets

United Kingdom United Kingdom
48 parties – 37 elections (9 ep) – 41 cabinets

European Union
Commissioners (Döring 2007)