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Australia Australia
49 parties – 45 elections – 70 cabinets

Austria Austria
23 parties – 27 elections (6 ep) – 35 cabinets

Belgium Belgium
49 parties – 45 elections (8 ep) – 80 cabinets

Bulgaria Bulgaria
48 parties – 12 elections (4 ep) – 14 cabinets

Canada Canada
22 parties – 34 elections – 40 cabinets

Croatia Croatia
39 parties – 8 elections (2 ep) – 11 cabinets

Cyprus Cyprus
26 parties – 12 elections (3 ep) – 21 cabinets

Czech Republic Czech Republic
42 parties – 11 elections (3 ep) – 16 cabinets

Denmark Denmark
40 parties – 53 elections (8 ep) – 64 cabinets

Estonia Estonia
37 parties – 10 elections (3 ep) – 16 cabinets

Finland Finland
33 parties – 35 elections (6 ep) – 79 cabinets

France France
72 parties – 36 elections (8 ep) – 129 cabinets

Germany Germany
34 parties – 26 elections (8 ep) – 25 cabinets

Greece Greece
43 parties – 26 elections (9 ep) – 24 cabinets

Hungary Hungary
23 parties – 10 elections (3 ep) – 11 cabinets

Iceland Iceland
41 parties – 31 elections – 50 cabinets

Ireland Ireland
39 parties – 38 elections (8 ep) – 36 cabinets

Israel Israel
85 parties – 20 elections – 73 cabinets

Italy Italy
92 parties – 26 elections (8 ep) – 66 cabinets

Japan Japan
40 parties – 26 elections – 56 cabinets

Latvia Latvia
50 parties – 12 elections (3 ep) – 24 cabinets

Lithuania Lithuania
45 parties – 11 elections (3 ep) – 19 cabinets

Luxembourg Luxembourg
39 parties – 31 elections (8 ep) – 31 cabinets

Malta Malta
14 parties – 20 elections (3 ep) – 20 cabinets

Netherlands Netherlands
47 parties – 35 elections (8 ep) – 43 cabinets

New Zealand New Zealand
31 parties – 37 elections – 53 cabinets

Norway Norway
27 parties – 31 elections – 63 cabinets

Poland Poland
54 parties – 12 elections (3 ep) – 21 cabinets

Portugal Portugal
33 parties – 23 elections (8 ep) – 25 cabinets

Romania Romania
41 parties – 11 elections (4 ep) – 22 cabinets

Slovakia Slovakia
52 parties – 12 elections (3 ep) – 17 cabinets

Slovenia Slovenia
44 parties – 11 elections (3 ep) – 16 cabinets

Spain Spain
53 parties – 21 elections (8 ep) – 15 cabinets

Sweden Sweden
25 parties – 39 elections (6 ep) – 52 cabinets

Switzerland Switzerland
32 parties – 32 elections – 36 cabinets

Turkey Turkey
17 parties – 10 elections – 21 cabinets

United Kingdom United Kingdom
46 parties – 34 elections (8 ep) – 36 cabinets

European Union
Commissioners (Döring 2007)