A first script creates cabinet data by party family. We calculate the share of party families in each cabinet and also transform it into country-year format. This is a widely used format in studies of partisan effects on public policy.Sat 9 September 2017 — snippets
For users of ParlGov, it is often not straightforward to understand how to create new datasets based on the core information in ParlGov. Users are interested in creating datasets on electoral gains and losses, government composition by party family or the party composition of EU institutions. Over the years, we have regularly written and revised scripts for our work and for colleagues to create these datasets based on information in ParlGov.
We have started to review and update some of these scripts that we have worked with regularly and will make them available in a new ParlGov Snippets Github repository. We'll post brief news entries here and introduce the respective scripts we add to the repository.Wed 30 August 2017 — announcement
We have added the new cabinet under PM Tudose.Sun 6 August 2017 —
We have added the new cabinet under PM Sipilae that continued in office after a change in cabinet composition.Fri 7 July 2017 — recent event · Finland
We have added the recent election in the Netherlands.Mon 26 June 2017 — recent event · Netherlands
We decided to move to a biyearly relase of the stable version. ParlGov is a stable project by now. We mainly include updates for recent elections and new cabinets as well as minor bug fixes. Currently, we are not planning any major additions to the projects.
Please make use of the development version if you need recent elections. We aim to include new information within three months. Updates are announced in the news section and bug fixes in the changelog.Fri 16 June 2017 — announcement
Two facts were striking in yesterdays election in the Netherlands.
We have added the new caretaker cabinet under PM Gerdzhikov.Fri 17 February 2017 — recent event · Bulgaria
We have added the new cabinet under PM Gentiloni.Thu 19 January 2017 — recent event · Italy
We have added the new cabinet under PM English.Thu 29 December 2016 — recent event · New Zealand
We have added the new cabinet under PM Rasmussen.Tue 13 December 2016 — recent event · Denmark
We have added the new cabinet under PM Cazeneuve.Sun 11 December 2016 — recent event · France
We have added the new cabinet under PM Rajoy.Tue 29 November 2016 — recent event · Spain
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Ratas.Mon 28 November 2016 — recent event · Estonia
Today, we contributed to a class session of Conor Little's seminar on "Parties in government. Who gets in? Who gets what? How long will it last?" at the University of Copenhagen. In class, we gave a hands-on introduction to ParlGov.Mon 3 October 2016 — presentation
An article discussing the methodological design of the ParlGov database was recently accepted by Electoral Studies and is now available online.
“Mapping established democracies: Integrated data on parties, elections and cabinets” Electoral Studies, 2016, Advance online publication. doi:10.1016/j.electstud.2016.07.002Thu 18 August 2016 — publication
We have added the new cabinet under PM May.Wed 3 August 2016 — recent event · United Kingdom
We have added cabinet information for the pre 1945 elections we cover. This information is experimental and will not be included in the next stable version.Mon 27 June 2016 — new data
We have added the new cabinet under PM Kern.Fri 24 June 2016 — recent event · Austria
We have added the new cabinet under PM Yildirim.Thu 23 June 2016 — recent event · Turkey
We added the recent change in the composition of the Netanyahu cabinet.Mon 20 June 2016 — recent event · Israel
We have added the cabinet under the new PM Johannsson.Sat 14 May 2016 — recent event · Iceland
We have published an archive of our stable releases at the Harvard Dataverse — dataverse.harvard.edu/dataverse/parlgovWed 9 March 2016 — announcement
We have added the cabinet under the new PM Kucinskis.Thu 25 February 2016 — recent event · Latvia
We have added the technocrat cabinet under PM Cioloș.Tue 15 December 2015 — recent event · Romania
We have added the cabinet under the new PM Turnball.Tue 6 October 2015 — recent event · Australia
We have added elections results for all consecutive democratic elections since 1900. This information is experimental and the pre 1945 data will not be included in the next stable version.Fri 11 September 2015 — new data
This December, we have completed updating all countries to 'votes level' data. The first versions of ParlGov included parties with seats in parliament and their vote share ('seats level'). Over the years we updated all countries to 'votes level': adding the number of votes and parties with no seats in parliament and more than 1.0% vote share.Wed 24 December 2014 — votes level
We have added an Excel spreadsheet of our main data. It includes sheets for the three main data tables (party, election, cabinet) and two documentation sheets (variable, readme). Importing the csv files has always caused some issues among our users due to different language and encoding settings.Tue 23 December 2014 — announcement
We have completed the country selection and include 37 EU and OECD democracies with a parliamentary or semi-presidential system. We removed countries from the experimental version that we have not fully covered (alb, chl, gdr, kor, lie, mex, nir, sco, usa, wal).Mon 22 December 2014 — change data
We moved a new webpage to www.parlgov.org. We have adjusted and tested the new version for some time. This will now be the main page of the project and all different versions (dev.parlgov.org, testing.parlgov.org, wiki.parlgov.org) that existed previously are redirected to it. An archive of the old static version is available on the new page.Sun 21 December 2014 — announcement
We removed the wiki that was previously available at wiki.parlgov.org. It has never received the level of attention or activity to keep it as an individual entity. We moved the relevant information from the wiki to the main new page (codebook, country info, changelog).Sat 20 December 2014 — announcement
We have added all results of the elections to the European Parliament in 2014. The coding is based on the official election results provided by the respective national authorities.Fri 19 December 2014 — recent event
We have added the fourth cabinet of PM Ponta that formed after a change in party composition.Thu 18 December 2014 — recent event · Romania
We are completing our work on a major new version of ParlGov. It will include all data updated to votes level, the 2014 EP election and a new version of the web page. This will complete our effort to establish ParlGov as a coherent source of information about parties, elections and cabinets. We will also start to streamline the project and remove some old cruft. Separate news entries will inform about the individual steps.Wed 17 December 2014 — announcement
We have updated all cabinets in France from 1944 to 1997.Thu 20 November 2014 — update · France
We have added the newly appointed Commission to ParlGov.Sat 1 November 2014 — recent event
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Michel.Thu 16 October 2014 — recent event · Belgium
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Kopacz.Tue 14 October 2014 — recent event · Poland
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Loefven.Mon 13 October 2014 — recent event · Sweden
We have added the recent election in Sweden.Tue 30 September 2014 — recent event · Sweden
We have added the second cabinet of PM Stubb that formed after a change in party composition.Mon 29 September 2014 — recent event · Finland
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Cerar.Thu 25 September 2014 — recent event · Slovenia
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Davutoglu.Tue 23 September 2014 — recent event · Turkey
We have added the new caretaker cabinet under PM Bliznashki.Wed 3 September 2014 — recent event · Bulgaria
We have added the second cabinet of PM Valls.Fri 29 August 2014 — recent event · France
We have added the recent election in Slovenia.Thu 7 August 2014 — recent event · Slovenia
We have added the first cabinet of PM Stubb.Thu 26 June 2014 — recent event · Finland
We have added the recent election in Belgium.Wed 25 June 2014 — recent event · Belgium
We presented ParlGov's history and technical infrastructure at the “Big Data? New Data!“ workshop of the German Political Science Association (DVPW) political methodology section in Duisburg-Essen.Fri 23 May 2014 — presentation
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Valls.Tue 8 April 2014 — recent event · France
We had the chance to discuss current challenges of data integration in a very nice roundtable discussion at the MPSA conference in Chicago. The roundtable 'Coordinating Electoral and Institutional Data Assets for Data-Intensive Research: Developing a Vision for the Future' was organised by Thomas Mustillo (Purdue University) and included members of CLEA (Ken Kollman, University of Michigan), the EJPR Yearbook (Kevin Robert Deegan-Krause, Wayne State University), PPDB Project (Susan E. Scarrow, University of Houston) and DPEG (Alexander Herzog, LSE). In addition, we had a fantastic conversation with Ryan Bakker (University of Georgia), a principal investigator for the CHES. One result of these discussions was a renewed interest to link party IDs between the various projects.Sat 5 April 2014 — presentation
We have added the second cabinet of PM Katainen that formed after a change in party composition.Tue 1 April 2014 — recent event · Finland
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Roivas.Mon 31 March 2014 — recent event · Estonia
We have added the second cabinet of President Anastasiades that formed after a change in party composition.Tue 18 March 2014 — recent event · Cyprus
We have added the third cabinet of PM Ponta that formed after a change in party composition.Tue 11 March 2014 — recent event · Romania
We have added the new cabinet under PM Renzi.Tue 25 February 2014 — recent event · Italy
We are in the process of cleaning up the data in ParlGov. Our goal is to provide reliable data for parties, elections and cabinets in "all EU and OECD democracies". We are almost there with only some OECD countries and a few election results (EU members) of parties that won no seats missing. However, the documentation still leaves room for improvement and there need to be some more routines that check for data consistency.
Currently, we are completing a new version of the webpage and are cleaning up the code that runs the page and calculates the data. There has been a lot of cruft over the years and often new tools provide more straight forward solutions. ParlGov needs some streamlining to be maintainable for the years to come.
We trim down on our earlier aspirations and are removing all countries that are neither EU nor OECD members. This affects data in the experimental version only. There will also be some changes to the linking of political parties.
We will provide news entries once we have completed the respective clean-ups.
Again, none of this should effect information in the development version of ParlGov but only additional data in the experimental version (guest login required).Sat 8 February 2014 — change data
We have added the second cabinet of PM Thorning-Schmidt that formed after a change in party composition.Fri 7 February 2014 — recent event · Denmark
We have added the newly formed cabinet under PM Sobotka.Thu 30 January 2014 — recent event · Czech Republic
We have added the new cabinet under PM Straujuma.Wed 29 January 2014 — recent event · Latvia
We have updated all election results for France from seats to votes level data. Due to the poorly documented information the coding has taken up some time. For the same reason it is based on three sources: Mackie and Rose (1991), Nohlen and Stöver (2010) and Assemblée nationale.Thu 12 December 2013 — votes level · France
We have added the second cabinet of PM Letta that formed after a change in party composition.Wed 11 December 2013 — recent event · Italy
We have updated all election results for Lithuania from seats to votes level data. The coding is based mainly on The Central Electoral Commission of the Republic of Lithuania.Mon 30 September 2013 — votes level · Lithuania
We have added the short-lived cabinet of PM Rusnok that failed to gain support in a confidence vote earlier this month.Fri 16 August 2013 — recent event · Czech Republic
We have updated all EP election results for EU member states to votes level data. The coding is based on either national sources or EP election reports.Wed 7 August 2013 — recent event
We have completed recoding our party families. All parties are now classified into one of the main categories first and additional party families are recorded in the table 'party_family' only. Our main categories are primarily based on a two dimensional perspective (state/market and liberty/authority) of the political space and follow other typologies of party families. These party families are now also used to impute missing party positions by the mean value for the respective party family.Mon 1 July 2013 — change data
We have updated all election results for Canada since 1945 from seats to votes level data. Our coding relies on data provided by Chief Electoral Officer of Canada, Constituency-Level Elections Archive as well as Parliament of Canada.Tue 18 June 2013 — votes level · Canada
We have updated all election results for Romania from seats to votes level data. For most of the coding we used the data provided by the Central Election Bureau Romania or the Essex CEE elections database.Fri 31 May 2013 — votes level · Romania
Last week, we were invited to Lund by Hanna Bäck, Torbjörn Bergman and Johan Hellström for a workshop on coalition governments in established democracies. We presented a research paper on the effects of electoral systems on cabinet formation and gave a presentation on ParlGov, pointing out successes and failures of the project. In Lund, we had many interesting discussions about the current state of research on democratic governments. Thanks to the organisers for welcoming us to Lund.Wed 22 May 2013 — presentation
Last week, we gave a presentation on "Programming in the social sciences" at the EUI workshop on Research Skills for the World of Big Data. We presented ParlGov as an application of computing in political science. Thanks to Jonathan Bright and Alexander Trechsel for inviting us.Wed 8 May 2013 — presentation
We have updated all election results for Malta from seats to votes level data. For most of the data we used maltadata.com or the official site of the Department of Information.Tue 16 April 2013 — votes level · Malta
We have updated all election results for Luxembourg from seats to votes level data. For most of our information we used the official site of the Ministry of internal affairs and the Statistical Yearbooks of Luxembourg. The voting system is based on multiple votes and therefore the number of votes exceeds the number of eligible voters.Tue 2 April 2013 — votes level · Luxembourg
We have added the recently formed cabinet under PM Bratušek .Mon 1 April 2013 — recent event · Slovenia
In Germany, CDU and CSU run independently in elections without competing at the state level. Both parties form a joint parliamentary group in the German parliament after the election. This fact has now also been included into ParlGov. CDU and CSU are kept distinct in our election results but the joint party group is recorded in our parliament change data. As a consequence most of the cabinets including the CDU/CSU are no surplus coalitions anymore.Thu 14 February 2013 — change data · Germany
We have added the results of the December election in Romania and the new Ponta II cabinet. We would like to thank Mihail Chiru (Central European University) for providing important details about the party groups in parliament.Mon 21 January 2013 — recent event · Romania
An article introducing ParlGov to students of the EU is now available online at European Union Politics [gated]. In the article, ParlGov is used to map the political space of the EU and the application is available in the download section.Mon 7 January 2013 — publication
We have added the recently appointed new Commissioner from Malta, Tonio Borg. In addition, we have completed the coding of the variable ‘elected’ for all Commissioners and added a minor update to the respective codebook.Tue 18 December 2012 — recent event
We have updated all election results in Iceland from seats to votes level data. We coded all parties with more than 1% of the vote share, that won seats in parliament or the largest party winning no seats in an election. In addition, we unified the election date coded to the last date of an election and indicate all early elections.Tue 6 November 2012 — votes level · Iceland
We were invited to the workshop "Political representation in Europe: Methods and data" organized by Christine Arnold (University of Maastrich) and Mark Franklin (European University Institute). The Policy Votes project was presented and discussed at the workshop, an innovative and ambitious project to provide better data for studying representation in Western Europe at the voters, parties and legislative level. The project gathered researchers that presented work on modern data infrastructures for compartative politics: the Manifesto Project (MRG/CMP/MARPOR), PIREDEU, the Comparative Agendas Project (CAP), RTextTools and the Amsterdam Contentanalysis Toolkit (AmCAT) as well as ParlGov.Sun 28 October 2012 — presentation
We have now released ParlGov 12/10, the fourth major stable version of the ParlGov project. There have been only minor changes and updates to the beta version we put online last week. ParlGov 12/10 includes all elections and cabinets until the end of August 2012 for the countries we cover. For the version we have added elections and cabinets in Switzerland from 1919 to 1947, in Australia from 1901 to 1945 and updated Australia and New Zealand from seats to votes level.Mon 15 October 2012 — stable release
We are preparing a new stable version, ParlGov 12/10 -- Autumn 2012 and a beta version is now available online. We provide at least one stable version a year, which is a frozen snap shot of our development version. All significant changes since the last stable version are documented in the changelog. We plan to release the stable version at the beginning of next week.Mon 8 October 2012 — stable release
In the download section we have added an application of ParlGov for students of the EU. The file contains scripts to create data about the party composition of the EU with information from the ParlGov project. All scripts are written in the R programing language. In addition, the European political space since 1958 is visualized including all changes in party composition. For the project, we also reintegrated data on the compositon of the College of Commissioners and present it in the data section (eg. Germany).Sun 7 October 2012 — update
We have updated election results for Australia from seats to votes level data and added elections and cabinets from 1901 to 1943. For most of our information we used publications of the Statistics and Mapping Section of the Australian Parliament.Sat 6 October 2012 — votes level · Australia
Following the recent update of coding rules for our election results, we have also cleaned up the parties included into ParlGov. Fur this purpose, we removed minor parties without election results according to our new criteria (1.0% vote share or 2 seats). A more detailed summary of coding rules for parties, election results and cabinets will follow over the next month.Tue 2 October 2012 — change data
We have updated and checked all election results from 1943 for New Zealand and coded all parties according to our new coding rule. We include all parties with more than 1.0% vote share, that won seats in parliament or the largest party winning no seats in an election. For most of our informations we used the Official Yearbooks or the results of the Electoral Commission.Wed 5 September 2012 — votes level · New Zealand
ParlGov includes information about the number of seats and the share of votes for all parties in parliament and elections we cover. For some countries and new elections, we also include the number of votes and some of the parties that won no seats. We used to include all parties that won more than 0.5% vote share but have now increased the threshold to 1.0%. We have learned that many of the parties below the 1.0% threshold run only in one election and it was difficult to gather reliable information about these parties. As a consequence, we increased the threshold for including election results and removed observations below the threshold. We cover only those parties with less than 1.0% vote share that won seats in parliament or the largest party winning no seats in the election.Wed 13 June 2012 — change data
We are preparing the next stable release. One of the features we have recently introduced is a base table to create data sets in country-year format where each observation covers information about a parliament or cabinet for every year. In the table viewcalc_country_year_share we provide weights for each parliament and cabinet for a given year. You can use this table with aggregated information at the parliament or cabinet level to create data sets in country-year format.Tue 12 June 2012 — new data
In addition to the Dutch cabinet, we have also added the new Czech cabinet under PM Necas following the split of the junior coalition partner Public Affairs.Wed 16 May 2012 — recent event · Czech Republic
Recently, we have added the fall of the Rutte I cabinet at the end of April in the Netherlands. In ParlGov, there is a caretaker cabinet Rutte II because the cabinet is asked to stay in office until elections take place in September.Tue 15 May 2012 — recent event · Netherlands
ParlGov party positions are based on various party expert surveys (Castles/Mair 1983, Huber/Inglehart 1995, Ray 1999, Benoit/Laver 2006 and CHESS 2010). These positions are just the mean value of all observations available from these sources in a particular dimension (left_right, state_market, liberty_authority, eu_anti_pro).
There was a bug in the scripts that converted the data from Benoit/Laver and not all positions from the data set were included into the calculation. We became aware of the issue, when someone pointed out the extremely moderate left/right position of the German far-right NPD in ParlGov. We have now solved the issue and include data on all relevant dimensions from Benoit/Laver into the calculation. This also solves the issue of having information in the left/right dimension for some minor parties instead of using the state/market dimension.
While updating the position data we have also renamed the variables for the EU dimension from ‘eu_pro_contra’ into ‘eu_anti_pro’ since lower values on the scale present eurosceptic positions.Tue 1 May 2012 — change data
We have added the results of the October 2011 election in Switzerland and the new Bundesrat. Swiss citizens have multiple votes in some cantons and official statistics calculate comparable number of votes (“fiktive Wählende”) for all parties at the federal level. Official election results were provided by the Statistical Office of Switzerland (BFS) and we would like to thank Madeleine Schneider (BFS) and Georg Lutz (University of Lausanne) for providing important details.Tue 27 March 2012 — recent event · Switzerland
We have added the fall of the Boc III government in February 2012 and added the succeeding cabinet under PM Ungureanu. In this context we recoded the Boc II government and split it into Boc II and Boc III due to a change in the cabinet composition in 2010.Mon 13 February 2012 — recent event · Romania
We have added the recently formed caretaker cabinet in Greece.Wed 14 December 2011 — recent event · Greece
We have also added the recently formed caretaker cabinet in Italy.Tue 13 December 2011 — recent event · Italy
We have added the fall of the Radičová I government and added the succeeding caretaker government Radičová II. The cabinet Radičová I lost a confidence vote and became a caretaker government without a formal resignation. Following our coding rules we coded it as an equivalent to a substantively meaningful resignation due to a change into a caretaker cabinet.Wed 23 November 2011 — recent event · Slovakia
We have now added the most recent release of ParlGov to the EUDO Data Centre. In the data centre, you can download the main ParlGov tables (parties, elections, cabinets) and a documentation of these tables. The three main data sets are available in various formats (Stata, SPSS, R), are labelled and can be analysed online in the data centre.
A short technical note: The data sets offered in the data centre are derived from information that is available in the stable version. We automatically generate a couple of scripts to label the three main data tables with information from the documentation tables.Wed 31 August 2011 — update
We have added the new cabinet under President Christofias. The reshuffle became necessary after ministers of the junior coalition partner DIKO quit. When updating the previous cabinet, we realized that the termination date of cabinet Christofias I has to be recoded. We split the former cabinet into Christofias I and Christofias II.Wed 24 August 2011 — recent event · Cyprus
We have now released ParlGov 11/07 (26 July 2011), the third major stable release of the ParlGov project. There have been no changes to the release candidate we put online a couple of days ago. ParlGov 11/07 includes all elections and cabinets until the mid of July for the countries we cover. In this version we have added elections and cabinets in Japan from 1945 to 1958 and updated Austria, Cyprus, Poland from seats to votes level data. Finally, there has been a number of smaller updates and corrections that are listed in the changelog.Sun 31 July 2011 — stable release
Furthermore, we are preparing a new stable version, ParlGov 11/07, and plan to release it at the end of this week. Follow ParlGov on Twitter for more detailed updates.Mon 25 July 2011 — recent event · Japan
We have finally updated and checked all election results for Poland and coded all parties with more than 0.5% of the vote share in national and EP elections. This has led to a significant extension and partial revision of the party codings due to the volatility of the Polish party system over the last two decades. We have tried to include all relevant information about electoral alliances and links between parties. Nevertheless, the coding of alliances and party changes may need an external validation by another country expert in the future.
Upgrading the Polish election results would not have been possible without the expertise and diligent work of Paweł Szczerbak (University of Heidelberg).Tue 12 July 2011 — votes level · Poland
We have updated all election results for Cyprus and coded all parties with more than 0.5% of the vote share in national and EP elections.Tue 5 July 2011 — votes level · Cyprus
We have added the results of the recent snap election and the resulting new Passos Coelho cabinet in Portugal. The election followed the resignation of PM Socrates on 23 March after parliament rejected an austerity budget.Wed 29 June 2011 — recent event · Portugal
There has been another change in the party composition of the Slovenian government when Zares ministers resigned on 27 June. We have added this change by recoding the start date of the Pahor II cabinet.
This particular recoding highlights one of the cabinet coding rules we have developed. Cabinet terminations as defined by political scientists (election, change party or pm, cabinet resignation) are sometimes followed by additional events that would define a new cabinet. This may lead to defining some rather short lived (mostly technical) cabinets. We deal with the issue through a ‘three month rule’ and code continuation governments only if they last for more than three month. The cabinet documentation gives some more detailed information and examples.Tue 28 June 2011 — recent event · Slovenia
We have now added a new Pahor cabinet following a change in the party composition on 19 May when the last DeSUS minister withdrew from the party. The party previously decided to leave the cabinet.Tue 7 June 2011 — recent event · Slovenia
We gave a presentation about our ideas of new data infrastructures in comparative politics at the ECPR Joint Session in St. Gallen at the workshop on Ministerial turnover and ministerial career paths in contemporary democracies. The workshop was organised by members of SEDEPE, a network studying and collecting data on political careers. In the presentation we also summarised our experience from setting up the ParlGov project, its successes and its failures. Following several discussions over the conference some cooperation between SEDEPE and ParlGov is going to emerge over the coming months. Many thanks to Hanna Bäck (Mannheim), Luca Verzichelli (Siena) and Patrick Dumont (Luxembourg) for inviting us!Tue 19 April 2011 — presentation
We have started to be on Twitter -- twitter.com/ParlGov. These tweets will be a more informal supplement to the news section and hopefully help us to better track the political events we include into ParlGov. It shall give all users a better understanding about the events we follow and about changes to the webpage we apply. Hopefully it will also encourage others to make us aware of events that should be included.Mon 7 March 2011 — announcement
We have now added the official election results for Austria and coded all parties with more than 0.5% vote share in national or EP elections. The party system has been rather stable over the last decades so that we had to add only a few new parties.Sat 12 February 2011 — votes level · Austria
We have also added the recently formed French cabinet that had previously resigned. The cabinet stepped down to allow President Sarkozy to appoint a new reshuffled cabinet.
Adding this cabinet was a little delayed by the recent stable release. Most of the new observations are added within a week after an event took place or the official information (election statistics) are available.Sat 18 December 2010 — recent event · France
Another Tuesday presentation: Yesterday, we gave a presentation about ParlGov and our ideas on the future of collaborative data collection at the conference "Quantifying Europe" in Mannheim (Collaborative Research Center SFB 884 'Political Economy of Reforms' and Mannheim Center for European Social Research [MZES]). It was the first talk that focussed almost exclusively on ParlGov and we discussed potential applications of ParlGov to map political actors in the European Union. We have to thank the organisers and conference participants for very insightful discussions.Wed 15 December 2010 — presentation
On Tuesday, we gave a public lecture about ParlGov and one of the projects that it originated from at the Institute for Advanced Studies (IHS) in Vienna. In the discussion following the presentation, we have received many valuable comments, feedback and encouragement. Many thanks to Johannes Pollak and Guido Tiemann for inviting and welcoming us at the IHS.Thu 9 December 2010 — presentation
We are cooperating with the European Union Democracy Observatory (EUDO). One of the core projects of EUDO is setting up the EUDO Data Centre which will also host the ParlGov data. There are many advantages of making use of the Dataverse software to distribute data sets.
Over the past months, we have supported the EUDO Data Centre team and last week's EUDO Dissemination Conference in Brussels was the place to present the current state of the data centre. Lorenzo de Sio (EUI) gave a longer presentation about the EUDO Data Centre and we summarized our experience from working with the EUDO team.
We will post a separate news entry about the promises of distributing ParlGov data through the EUDO Data Centre later on.Wed 24 November 2010 — presentation
Today, we have put online the second stable release of our project, ParlGov 10/11. There is an earlier news entry that gives a summary of the changes that come with this new version and the changelog provides a very detailed list of all changes. Most significant for users of previous versions is the change of all id variables as well as most table and variable names. Again, these changes turn ParlGov into a significantly cleaner data structure.
More information about the plans and schedule for the next version will follow in a separate news post.Tue 16 November 2010 — stable release
We have added the party codes of the European Parliament Election Study 2009, Voter Study, Advance Release, 30/06/2010. to our main party table. Here is an example of the Swedish parties. The original data set is available at the website of the PIREDEU project.
Integrating EES party ids allows us to combine this information with all other data sets that are linked through our party table. One of the goals was it to establish an interface between EES and EUProfiler party ids.
This information will also be part of the next stable release.Sun 14 November 2010 — new data
A beta version of the next stable relase, ParlGov 10/11 – Autumn 2010, is now available online. We will test and may update it over the next days and plan to relase the next stable version at the beginning of next week.Wed 10 November 2010 — stable release
We have just put online the implementation of our new web design and the refactored database schema.
Implementing the new design, developed by Jens Hoffmeister from underline webdesign, has kept us busy for the last three months. In addition to applying the new layout, we have used the opportunity to significantly clean up the structure of our html templates. The web design has already been very well received by some of our colleagues who gave their views on the new layout. The structure of the page remains more or less the same. However most links have changed and we are making now use of more explicit naming conventions to define our URLs.
Converting the old database structure into the new schema has been an even bigger challenge. While working with the first release, we realised that many of the table and variable names were not explicit enough. In addition, we had planned to redesign some of the table structures and revise table and variable names. There is an earlier news entry that gives the bigger perspective on the changes to the database. Please remember, most IDs, table names and variable names have changed in the new version.
The next release, ParlGov 10/11, will follow shortly. The plan is to have a beta version out tomorrow or the day after. We will test the beta version and the new development version for some days and plan to have a release of the new version at the beginning of next week.Mon 8 November 2010 — announcement
We have moved to another university and are now based at the Centre for Social Policy Research (ZeS), University of Bremen.
For ParlGov, our time at the European University Institute (EUI) and the University of Heidelberg has been very productive. It was the academic year when we released the first public version of the projects and both institutions have provided significant support in finding out how ParlGov is received.announcement
The new Dutch minority cabinet was appointed today and we have added it to ParlGov.Thu 14 October 2010 — recent event · Netherlands
Today (12 October), we finished adding all votes level data for Belgium. For the country, there is a good official source with the results of all national and European Parliament elections and most of our updated information is from this source. Nevertheless, coding the Belgium parties is always a challenge especially for the 1970s. We did our best to link all existing parties. Nevertheless some enhancements may be suggested by country experts later on.
With "votes level data" we cover all parties that gained more than 0.5 percentage of the votes in post-war national and EP elections. It is our long term goal to move from "seats level data" to "votes level data" for all OECD/EU countries in the post-war period. Only the latter level allows to use ParlGov as a device for research and teaching about electoral systems.Tue 12 October 2010 — votes level · Belgium
It takes some time until the final result of an election is determined in Australia, due to the complexity of the electoral system. The election took place in August and a dramatic process of government formation followed. Nevertheless, the official election results have only been presented recently.
We have added the Australian election and the new minority cabinet to ParlGov.Fri 8 October 2010 — recent event · Australia
Yesterday (5 October) was an interesting day for students of cabinet formation. The Swedish prime minister presented his new minority cabinet after failing to enlarge his coalition. In the Netherlands, the Christian Democrats party group approved the formation of a new and highly controversial minority government supported by Geert Wilders Freedom Party. In Belgium, coalition talks on government formation have collapsed on the same day.
We have included the results of the recent elections in Sweden and the new cabinet. We will add the new Dutch government as soon as it is appointed.Wed 6 October 2010 — recent event · Sweden
The second major change for the next ParlGov version will be a major refactoring of our database design. The causes for the need to refactor the structure of our database are similar to the previously described plans to relaunch the web design. Some of the fundamental design decisions were made at the early stages of the project and limit its growth now. Over time, our experience and technical expertise has grown and we are convinced that the benefits of a redesign outweigh the (transformation) costs.
Most fundamental will be the overhaul of all IDs. In the next version or ParlGov, there will be newly defined identifiers for all observations, most importantly for countries, parties, elections and cabinets. Previously, we had unique identifiers per country only and some of the ID variables were based on other observations and contained meaningful information. We will change that to a system of IDs were all identifiers are unique for every variable and are just numerical identifiers without containing other information. In database terminology, we are moving from a system of composite (natural) primary keys to (surrogate) primary keys.
There will also be a clean-up for some table and variable names and the new names are often more explicit than the previously used shortened versions. In addition, we are changing from camel case VariableNames to underscore variable_names. Finally, there are some updates on the table structure.
These modifications require users of ParlGov to update the scripts they have written to work with ParlGov data. We are convinced that it will be for the better. The new database design is easier to understand and allows us to integrate innovative aspects into future versions more easily.Tue 28 September 2010 — change data
We have updated, revised and extended all election results for Latvia and code now all parties with more than 0.5% of the national vote share. Previously, we found some mistakes in the Latvian election results and decided to add all official results.Sun 19 September 2010 — votes level · Latvia
The next version of ParlGov will include a new web design and we have worked with Jens Hoffmeister from underline webdesign over the last months to give our website a fresh look. Here is an example of the new design.
The old design with the current layout, logo and colors has not changed over the last five years and there were only some improvements to the navigation. Honestly, it was in strong need of a fresh look. Jens has created the new design by defining a modern layout, color scheme and logo based on the existing pages. The structure of the pages will remain but some of the underlying html and css code has been significantly cleaned up.
Ones we have put up online a first beta version of the next release you will see how fresh and modern the new design is.Thu 9 September 2010 — announcement
We have added all Swiss cabinets into ParlGov. Determining a cabinet for Switzerland according to the four criteria defining a cabinet was a little difficult. We decided not to code a prime minister in the case of Switzerland so that we have one cabinet for every legislative term that ends with an election.Tue 31 August 2010 — recent event · Switzerland
During his year as a Max Weber Fellow, Holger has written a paper about the more general idea behind ParlGov, shortcomings of contemporary data sets and the future of collaborative data collection in political science. The paper was recently published as EUI Working Paper MWP 2010/21.Wed 11 August 2010 — publication
We have started to push our work on the next stable version of ParlGov and aim to have a beta version by the end of the month. This new version includes two major changes: a new webdesign and a database refactoring. In addition, it includes recent political events and some data revisions. The changelog in the ParlGov Development wiki lists all data updates. We also aim at fixing all tickets that are assigned to 'milestone 1.1' and have priority 'high'.
The final release of the second stable version of ParlGov is scheduled for the end of September. We will post a second news entry to describe the new webdesign and the causes for the database refactoring.Mon 2 August 2010 — stable release
The new Czech cabinet was appointed today.Tue 13 July 2010 — recent event · Czech Republic
A new Slovak cabinet took office last week.Mon 12 July 2010 — recent event · Slovakia
On June 9 2010 an election took place in the Netherlands. We have now added the official results of this elections into ParlGov. The new cabinet has yet to be formed or needs to pass an investiture vote. Once the cabinet has been appointed, we add it as well and leave a short note in this news section.Sun 4 July 2010 — recent event · Netherlands
On June 12 2010 an election took place in Slovakia. We have now added the official results of this election into ParlGov. The new cabinet has yet to be formed or needs to pass an investiture vote. Once the cabinet has been appointed, we add it as well and leave a short note in this news section.Sun 4 July 2010 — recent event · Slovakia
On June 13 2010 elections took place in Belgium. We have now added the official results of these elections into ParlGov. The new cabinet has yet to be formed or needs to pass an investiture vote. Once the cabinet has been appointed, we add it as well and leave a short note in this news section.Sun 4 July 2010 — recent event · Belgium
Kevin Rudd was replaced by Julia Gillard today in a surprise move by the Labor party and a new cabinet formed.Thu 24 June 2010 — recent event · Australia
Today, Mari Kiviniemi was elected in parliament as prime minister of Finland. The new cabinet includes the same coalition partners as the previous cabinet. The former PM Matti Vanhanen announced his resignation last Friday.Tue 22 June 2010 — recent event · Finland
We have added the results of the recent election to the Chamber of Deputies in the Czech Republic. The new centre-right coalition is expected to take office at the beginning of July.Mon 21 June 2010 — recent event · Czech Republic
The new Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan was elected in both chambers of the parliament last Friday and ministers of the Kan government were appointed on Tuesday. The new cabinet is now included into ParlGov.Thu 10 June 2010 — recent event · Japan
The ParlGov website is programmed in Django and we have upgraded to the latest version of the framework. With this upgrade, an RSS feed for the news entries is now available.Sun 6 June 2010 — announcement
The final results of the recent UK election became only available when the results of the delayed election in the district of Thirsk and Malton were announced. We have added the election results and the new Cameron cabinet into ParlGov.Fri 4 June 2010 — recent event · United Kingdom
We have added the results of the Hungarian parliamentary election that took place in April and the new Orban II government that took office last week.Thu 3 June 2010 — recent event · Hungary
We have finished updating the Portugal data in ParlGov and coded all parties with more than 0.5% vote share and their official election results for national and EP elections.Sun 23 May 2010 — votes level · Portugal
We completed the coding of turnout data for all elections to the European Parliament. In ParlGov, some countries are coded at the vote level others at the seat level only. For the former, we have recorded the official election results for all parties with more than 0.5% of the vote share and turnout data is included in the coding of these countries. For seat level data, we collect only the number of seats and the percentage of votes but plan to add vote level data at some later stage. The wiki page on country coding gives information about the level of coding. Nevertheless, we have now included information on turnout for all EP elections.Sat 22 May 2010 — update
We coded the fall of the Balkenende IV goverment and the succeeding demissionary cabinet due to the change in party composition. In addition, we also went through all previous Dutch cabinets, added links to their Wikipedia entries and coded defector parties.Sun 14 March 2010 — recent event · Netherlands
We have coded the United Kingdom election results for all parties with more than 0.5% of the vote now and included the number of votes for these parties. These updates were included in the ParlGov 10/02 release already. Nevertheless, we have now also put up a wiki page with open questions and comments about our codings.Fri 12 March 2010 — votes level · United Kingdom
Just some notes about the status and quality of data in the ParlGov 10/02 release. We have been working with the data in ParlGov for many years. First, this was only an internal project. Over the last year, we have made significant efforts to clean up our data and to document tables, variables and data sources in order to provide a first version about our vision of the future of data collection in political science. This is what ParlGov 10/02 is about: a first version of a long term project and commitment on our side. We have a long list of future enhancement. However, from now onwards, we document all our changes and make sure that you can track the evolution of the project. At this point, most changes are a result of feedback we receive.Fri 26 February 2010 — announcement
We put up a first stable release of ParlGov today – www.parlgov.org. Many thanks for more beta comments from Potsdam and Florence. More information to follow.Thu 25 February 2010 — stable release
This is the last version uploaded for testing purposes. We fixed some issues with broken links and fine tuned the navigation. There should be no changes to the final version. We will keep this version for a couple of days to test if everything is working properly.Thu 18 February 2010 — stable release
This is the second of three beta releases. We have received some valuable comments on the first beta version from colleagues in Cologne, Florence, Heidelberg, Konstanz and Vienna.Mon 8 February 2010 — stable release
This is the first release used for internal testing. Beta 2 will be released within a week from now.Mon 1 February 2010 — stable release
A first release of ParlGov was scheduled for January. Let us specify how we proceed with the release. Tomorrow, we will provide a first beta version at www.parlgov.org and will ask for some feedback. To this version, we also have to add some very minor corrections. A week later, we will introduce a second version for testing purposes, including recommendations and fixed open issues. The first official version of our data project will be ParlGov 10/02 (February 2010) and we release it in the third week of February.Sun 31 January 2010 — stable release
The recent formation of the Leterme II cabinet in Belgium has been added to ParlGov. Together with the recently added Boc II cabinet in Romania this should complete all political data in ParlGov until the end of 2009.Wed 13 January 2010 — recent event · Belgium
The recent formation of the Boc II cabinet in Romania has been added to ParlGov. Together with the recently added Leterme II cabinet in Belgium this should complete all political data in ParlGov until the end of 2009.Wed 13 January 2010 — recent event · Romania
Today, Holger gave a presentation at the Jean Blondel Tuesday Seminar of the Political Science department from the University of Siena. In the presentation he discussed recent innovations in gathering political science data and presented the ParlGov project. Thanks to Nicolò Conti and Luca Verzichelli for the invitation and the warm welcome in Siena.Tue 12 January 2010 — presentation
Results from the recent September election in Greece were added to ParlGov. In addition we have added the new Papandreou cabinet to ParlGov.Mon 23 November 2009 — recent event · Greece
Results from the recent September elections in Portugal were added to ParlGov. In addition we have added the second Socrates cabinet for Portugal.Mon 23 November 2009 — recent event · Portugal
We have written a short paper about ParlGov and specified the full title of the project: "Parliament and government composition database (ParlGov): An infrastructure for empirical information on parties, elections and governments in modern democracies". The paper provides an introduction about the concept and technologies of ParlGov.Thu 12 November 2009 — publication
Updating ParlGov's party table to the most recent CHESS data required to include the party IDs from the Ray expert survey separately. We have now finished linking all party IDs from the Ray data set. Most of the IDs from CHESS and Ray's data are indentical but be aware that some of them are different.Sun 8 November 2009 — new data
Election results and government formation in Japan from September 2009 added to ParlGov. You may also want to have a look at the list of Japanese parties in ParlGov to better understand our efforts of paying attention to details by providing original party names.Sun 1 November 2009 — recent event · Japan
This took a while, but we have now finished adding results of the European Parliament Election 2009 from last June. For most countries we were able to make use of official election results. Adding almost thirty elections, with a lot of electoral alliances took some time. As always, we tried to code all parties with more than 0.5% of the national vote. National elections and government formations that took place before the EP election in June are already included. Hence, testing 'second order' theories of EP elections is straightforward with ParlGov and some database queries.Sat 31 October 2009 — recent event
Here at the European University Institute, Alexander Trechsel has kindly provided a list of the parties from the EU Profiler project with party names and their IDs. We have now linked all these parties to the ParlGov parties and added the new ones. The full EU Profiler data set will be published in 2010.Thu 29 October 2009 — new data
ParlGov was started at the MPIfG in Colgone in Germany in 2005 and is the home country of the project leaders. Hence, this is the country were we have most expertise and that we keep updated as a reference country for the coding. Therefore, we have added the new cabinet just at the day when Angela Merkel was re-elected as chancellor in the German Bundestag. To better understand the fine grained coding that we have already included into ParlGov for Germany, have a look at the election results for 1969 and see the coding of changes in the party composition of the Bundestag.Wed 28 October 2009 — recent event · Germany
Official German election results from the Bundeswahlleiter added.Sat 24 October 2009 — recent event · Germany
Recent election results and government formation in Bulgaria from July 2009 added to ParlGov.Sat 10 October 2009 — recent event · Bulgaria
Another presentation of ParlGov in Italy. This time in Turin as part of a workshop at the ECPR Carlo Alberto Summer School on Analytical Politics in Europe. Thanks to Fabio Franchino (University of Milan) for inviting.Mon 21 September 2009 — presentation
Holger gave a talk at the XXIII Annual Conference of the Italian Society of Political Science (SISP) in a sequence of "Short courses in web research". Among other topics, ParlGov and its concept were introduced. Many thanks for the interest in the audience and to Francesco Zucchini (University of Milan) for the invitation.Thu 17 September 2009 — presentation
5th ECPR General Conference 2009, PotsdamThu 10 September 2009 — presentation
Holger has moved to Florence in Italy, where he will spend the academic year as a Max Weber Postdoctoral Fellow at the European University Institute (EUI). Hopefully, many local expertise about the countries we cover in ParlGov will even further improve the data quality.Tue 1 September 2009 — announcement
We have included official election results for recent national and EP elections, as well as information about the new cabinet.Mon 10 August 2009 — recent event · Luxembourg
This page will log the most recent changes to ParlGov. Some of the significant changes from recent weeks will also be included back-dated.Sat 8 August 2009 — announcement
The table cab_party now includes an additional column to code defector parties. With this observation we indicate if a party left a governing coaliton. Including this variable was inspired by Tavits' 2008 paper The Role of Parties’ Past Behavior in Coalition Formation.Fri 7 August 2009 — new data
A project management system for ParlGov with a wiki and an issue management system is now online (wiki.parlgov.org). We make use of the Trac system. This software uses a different authentication system and you have to login separately. Use guest and ParlGovGuest to login.Tue 4 August 2009 — announcement
Election results and government composition data on Italy has been thoroughly revised. ParlGov now includes the official election results. Working on Italy has also brought a new table parl_alliance into ParlGov to code the membership in electoral alliances. See the 1994 and succeeding parliamentary election for a wide use of this coding scheme.Mon 3 August 2009 — update · Italy
We have finished double checking our data on parties, election outcomes and government compositions for the Central- and East European EU member states. Government composition data was compared to information provided by Müller-Rommel ea. (2008) and EJPR Yearbooks.
Our electoral results on Central- and Eastern Europe still lack a systematic coding of electoral alliances and an inclusion of official election results. Please let us know if you notice any data bugs.Fri 31 July 2009 — update