Table politician_president


Party-affiliated heads of state. Short-term acting presidents are not included.


Döring, Holger and Philip Manow. 2019. Parliaments and governments database (ParlGov): Information on parties, elections and cabinets in modern democracies. Development version.


  • · windows
  • · utf-8


Name Description Type
id unique numeric identifier for each observation in data table integer
country id ParlGov unique identifier for each country. Variable name 'id' in 'country' table and 'country_id' in all other tables. integer
start date date
end date date
person id integer
person id source text
party id ParlGov unique party identifier. Last party affiliation before becoming president used since several constitutions require non-partisan presidents in office. integer
data source short list of data sources used to code this variable -- references, except urls, are entries in table 'info_data_source' text
description Information about this observation.
Note: This field should also include a short textual account of all information that is coded in the 'data_json' field.
comment additional information about the coding of this observation text